200 Amazing Australian Last Names: for Antipodean Angels

We’ve got the Antipodean antidote to typical Australian last names.

There’s more to Australia than kangaroos and kookaburras. Australian history is as vast and varied as its landscape. From indigenous cultures to European invaders using the country as a penal colony, Australian last names have certainly evolved to reflect their diverse origins.

Many Australian surnames are English, Scottish, and Irish because of their strong links to colonial Britain. At the same time, others reflect international influences, such as from Indonesia, China, and Malaysia.

200 Extraordinary Australian Family Names

Let’s discover these interesting surnames straight from Lucky Country.

  1. Adams – derived from the Hebrew word “adamah,” meaning “son of Adam.”
  2. Alinta – this indigenous name means “fire and flame.”
  3. Alira – Aussie last names include Aboriginal surnames like Alira, meaning “quartz stone.”
  4. Allen – this Scottish/Irish/Celtic name means “little rock” and “harmony.”
  5. Anderson – from the Greek Andreas, meaning “son of Andrew or Anders.”
  6. Andrews – is the name of the Scottish patron saint, meaning “manly.”
  7. Bailey – is an Old English surname meaning “bailiff, berry clearing, and city fortification.”
  8. Baker – an occupational Old English name for someone who worked in a bakehouse.
  9. Barker – an occupational Old English name for someone who “stripped tree bark for tanning.”
  10. Bell – this Middle English and Scottish name means “handsome.”
  11. Bennett – derived from the Latin name Benedictus, this Anglicized version means “blessed.”
  12. Benson – this classic Old English surname means “son of Benedict.”
  13. Birrani – from New South Wales, this indigenous name means “boy.”
  14. Bishop – is of Greek origin, meaning “overseer.”
  15. Blackman – this surname means “dark man” in Old English.
  16. Blackmore – a habitational name for various places in the UK.
  17. Blake – this Old English name means “dark, black, shining, and bright.”
  18. Bond – is of Old English origin, meaning “husbandman or farmer.”
  19. Bourke – from the Old French “de burca,” meaning “fortified hill.”
  20. Briggs – from a Scottish surname Bryggia, meaning “dweller by the bridge.”
  21. Brown – an Old English name depicting someone with “brown skin, hair, or clothes.”
  22. Bryans – a classic Irish male surname meaning “noble.”
  23. Burns – derives from the Old English for “stream.”
  24. Burton – is an Old English name meaning “fortified town.”
  25. Butler – this Old French word meant “bottle” and “chief servant” in medieval homes.
  26. Byrne – of Irish and Gaelic origin, meaning “descendent of Bran.”
  27. Cameron – is of Scottish and Gaelic origin, meaning “crooked nose.”
  28. Campbell – means “crooked mouth” in Scottish and Gaelic.
  29. Carter – an Irish occupational name meaning “transporter of goods by cart.”
  30. Chapman – is an Old English occupational name for a “merchant or marketman.”
  31. Chen – this traditional Chinese name meaning “break of the day” is popular.
  32. Clarke – has Latin and English roots, meaning “clerk.”
  33. Cole – is possibly short for Nicholas, meaning “victory of the people” or “swarthy and dark-skinned.”
  34. Coleman – possibly means “little dove” or is an occupational name for someone making charcoal.
  35. Colling – derived from Nicholas, this Old English surname means “victory of the people.”
  36. Collins – another derivative of Nicholas, meaning “son of Colin.”
  37. Collinson – a patronymic family name meaning “Colin and son.”
  38. Cook/Cooke – an occupational name derived from the Latin “cocus,” meaning “cook.”
  39. Cooper – an occupational Old English name for a “barrel maker.”
  40. Cox – is derived from the Welsh word “coch,” meaning “red.”
  41. Crawford – this classic English surname has the unique meaning of “ford of the crows.”
  42. Curtis – derived from the French name Courtois, meaning “courteous and polite.”
  43. Davies – is of Hebrew and Old English origin, meaning “beloved and son of David.”
  44. Dawson – this Old English surname means “son of David.”
  45. Dixon – this Scottish surname means “son of Dick.”
  46. Doyle – a common Irish name meaning “descendant of Dubhghall.”
  47. Duncan – means “dark-skinned or battle chief” and is of Scottish and Irish origin.
  48. Dwyer – another Irish/Gaelic surname meaning “dark wise one.”
  49. Edwards – many Aussie last names come from Great Britain, like Edwards, meaning “son of Edward.”
  50. Elliott – is of Greek and Hebrew origin, meaning “Jehovah is God.”
  51. Ellis – this popular Welsh name means “benevolent.”
  52. Evans – a Welsh form of the Hebrew John, meaning “son of Evan.”
  53. Ferguson – this Irish and Scottish patronymic name means “son of Fergus.”
  54. Fisher – this occupational name means “to catch a fish.”
  55. Fitzpatrick – is an Irish and Old English surname meaning “son of Patrick.”
  56. Foster – is an Old English name meaning “worker of the forest, shearer, or maker of scissors.”
  57. Fowler – derived from the Old English word “fugelere,” meaning “hunter of wild birds.”
  58. Fraser – is a Scottish name possibly derived from the French word “fraise,” meaning “strawberry.”
  59. Freeman – from the Anglo-Saxon word “freomann,” meaning “free-born man.”
  60. Gibson – this Scottish name means “son of Gib” (a derivative of Gilbert).
  61. Gill – this male name is of French origin, meaning “joy and gladness.”
  62. Graham – a Scottish name derived from the English place Grantham, meaning “gravelly homestead.”
  63. Gray – often, color names are based on personal things like gray hair or beards.
  64. Green – while Green has no specific meaning, it represents youth and spring.
  65. Hall – this Old English occupational name refers to a “worker at the hall.”
  66. Hamilton – is of English origin, meaning “flat-topped hill” or “from a beautiful mountain.”
  67. Hardy – a cool Germanic surname meaning “brave and bold.”
  68. Harper – is an Old English occupational name for a “harp player.”
  69. Harrington – a gender-neutral name of Old English descent, meaning “from the stony ground.”
  70. Harris – is of English origin, meaning “son of Harry.”
  71. Harrison – a long-form version of Harris with the same meaning.
  72. Harvey – many Australian last names come from Scotland, like Harvey, meaning “battle worthy.”
  73. Henderson – is a typical English surname meaning “son of Henry.”
  74. Hill – you’ve guessed it, this English surname refers to “someone living by a hill.”
  75. Holmes – a habitational Old English name meaning “island.”
  76. Huang – meaning “jade people;” Australia has a large Chinese community.
  77. Hudson – this Germanic and Old English name means “son of Hudd or Hugh.”
  78. Hughes – is of Germanic origin, meaning “son of Hugh.”
  79. Hutchinson – another Old English surname meaning “son of Hugh.”
  80. Iluka – a habitational Aboriginal name for someone living “near the sea.”
  81. Irwin – a Germanic, Celtic, and Old English surname meaning “boar friend.”
  82. Jackson – is of Hebrew origin, meaning “son of Jack” or “son of John.”
  83. James – derived from the Hebrew boy name Jacob, meaning “supplanter.”
  84. Jedda/Jeddah – possibly after the Islamic holy city, meaning “grandmother” in Arabic.
  85. Jenkins – of Hebrew and Flemish origin, meaning “little John” and “God is gracious.”
  86. Jennings – this Flemish name meaning “little John” is an alternative form of Jennings.
  87. Jiemba – a wonderfully descriptive native Australian surname meaning “laughing star.”
  88. Johnson – from the Latin Johannes, meaning “son of John.”
  89. Jones – primarily a Welsh surname meaning “son of John.”
  90. Kane – a powerful Irish and Gaelic surname meaning “battle.”
  91. Keller – this German occupational name for a winemaker means “cellar.”
  92. Kelly – this male and female Irish name means “bright-headed.”
  93. Kemp – is derived from the Middle English word “cempa,” meaning “warrior or champion.”
  94. Kennedy – this famous Irish surname has the weird meaning of “helmet-head.”
  95. Kent – a locational name for people who come from “Cantium (the county of Kent).”
  96. Killara – Aboriginal Australian family names have interesting meanings like “always there” and “permanent.”
  97. Kim – in English, it means “regal hill” and “golden” in Vietnamese.
  98. King – this Old English surname refers to a “ruler and monarch.”
  99. Kirk – is commonly used in Scotland to describe a “church.”
  100. Kirra – from the Aboriginal nation, meaning “beautiful woman, life, and dancing leaf.”
  101. Klein – of Jewish/German origin, meaning “small.”
  102. Knight – derived from a mounted soldier of noble descent, meaning “ warrior.”
  103. Kumar – from the Sanskrit word “kumara,” meaning “child, son, and prince.”
  104. Kylie – a funny female Aboriginal name meaning “boomerang.”
  105. Laing – one of the oldest Scottish surnames, meaning “long and tall.”
  106. Langley – an Anglo-Saxon name meaning “long meadow or wood.”
  107. Lawson – derived from the Latin name Laurentius, meaning “son of Lawrence.”
  108. Lee – this cute Old English surname means “clearing, meadow, or pasture.”
  109. Lewis – of English and German descent, meaning “famous or renowned warrior.”
  110. Lim – a unisex Chinese name meaning “from the woods.”
  111. Liu – of Chinese origin, this short and sweet name means “willow tree.”
  112. Lloyd – not the rarest of Welsh names; this one means “gray.”
  113. Lowanna – not all Aussie last names are Western like this native moniker meaning “young girl.”
  114. Lynch – a classic Irish surname meaning “mariner.”
  115. Maali – the perfect Urdu name for someone of “high rank and status” and “greatness.”
  116. Mackay – possibly meaning “fire,” this Scottish/Pictish surname also means “son of.”
  117. Marshall – this Old English occupational name is perfect for someone “who works with horses.”
  118. Martin – from the Latin name Martinus, meaning “god of war.”
  119. Mason – of Old English roots, this occupational name means “one who works with stone.”
  120. Matthews – derived from the Hebrew name Mattityahu, meaning “gift of God.”
  121. McDonald – this rich Scottish surname means “son of Donald.”
  122. Medika – of Native Australian descent, meaning “blossom.”
  123. Miller – many Australian surnames are occupational, like Miller, meaning “grinder of grain.”
  124. Minjarra – a pretty indigenous surname meaning “plum tree.”
  125. Mitchell – derived from Michael, meaning “who is like God.”
  126. Monaro – derived from the Italian “molino,” this occupational name means “miller.”
  127. Moore – possibly a habitational name for someone living “near a moor,” or it means “dark-skinned.”
  128. Morgan – this popular Welsh name means “sea chief, sea defender, and sea circle.”
  129. Morris – means “dark-skinned” in Latin, “son of Morris” in Welsh, and “of the marsh” in English.
  130. Murphy – this Irish/Gaelic surname means “sea warrior.”
  131. Murray – is of Gaelic and Scottish origin, meaning “lord and master” or “mariner.”
  132. Nelson – an Old English surname linked to the great naval hero, meaning “son of Neil.”
  133. Newton – this Old English name translates as “new town.”
  134. Nguyen – a popular Vietnamese surname meaning “a string instrument that is plucked.”
  135. Nicholson – from the Greek name meaning “people’s victory,” it means “son of Nicholas.”
  136. O’Brien – another Gaelic/Irish surname meaning “descendent of Brian.”
  137. O’Donnell – this famous Irish/Gaelic surname means “descendent of Domhnall.”
  138. O’Reilly – of Irish/Gaelic descent, meaning “descendent of Raghallach.”
  139. Osbourne – taken from the Viking name Asbiorn, meaning “god bear” or “divine bear.”
  140. Owen – derived from the Welsh name Owain, meaning “young warrior.”
  141. Parker – possibly an Old French term given to a “keeper of the park.”
  142. Parsons – a typical name given to an ordained Christian who is a “priest or clergyman.”
  143. Patel – this top Indian/Sanskrit surname means “the one who owns the land.”
  144. Patterson – a typical English/Irish surname meaning “son of Patrick.”
  145. Payne – from the Latin word “pagus,” meaning “countryman, rustic, and villager.”
  146. Pearce – derived from Greek, this English surname means “rock.”
  147. Pearson – possibly means “son of Peter or Pierce” or “rock.”
  148. Phillips – derived from the Greek male name Philippos, meaning “son of Phillip.”
  149. Powell – originating from the Welsh “Ap Howell,” meaning “son of Howell.”
  150. Price – this Welsh surname means “son of Rhys.”
  151. Reid – originates from Gaelic, Old English, and Scottish, meaning “red-haired.”
  152. Reynolds – this Germanic patronymic surname means “son of Reynold.”
  153. Richards – of Old German and French descent, meaning “strong in rule.”
  154. Richardson – this ancient patronymic surname means “son of Richard.”
  155. Riley – is an Old English and Irish name meaning “rye clearing or meadow.”
  156. Roberts – possibly Germanic or Welsh, meaning “bright flame.”
  157. Robertson – you guessed it, it means “son of Robert.”
  158. Robinson – okay, some names are obvious, like this one meaning “son of Robin.”
  159. Rogers – from the Germanic name Hrodger, meaning “famous spear.”
  160. Ross – this Scottish and English geographical surname means “from the peninsula.”
  161. Russell – is possibly derived from Old French or Norse, meaning “red-haired.”
  162. Ryan – is derived from the Irish surname O’Riain, meaning “little king.”
  163. Scott – a short and sweet Scottish male name meaning “person from Scotland.”
  164. Sharp – derived from the Old English “scearp,” meaning “sharp or keen.”
  165. Shaw – a classic habitational English surname for someone near a “wood, grove, or thicket.”
  166. Shepherd – an Old English occupational surname for a “sheep herder” or “watcher of sheep.”
  167. Simpson – another patronymic English surname meaning “son of Simon.”
  168. Singh – is of Indian origin, meaning “lion” in Sanskrit.
  169. Smith – this stereotypical English surname means “blacksmith.”
  170. Stevens – first introduced after the Norman conquests, meaning “crown, wreath, and garland.”
  171. Stewart – this Gaelic and Scottish traditional surname means “steward.”
  172. Sutton – an Anglo-Saxon name for a “Southern settlement.”
  173. Tan – possibly Old English for “leather maker” or a common Chinese surname meaning “new.”
  174. Taylor – is an occupational Old English surname for a “tailor.”
  175. Thomas – derived from the Greek name Thomas, meaning “twin.”
  176. Thompson – this Scottish and Aramaic name means “twin” and “son of Thom.”
  177. Tran – a classic gender-neutral Vietnamese surname meaning “old and ancient.”
  178. Tucker – an occupational Old English surname for someone who “torments and beats woolen cloth.”
  179. Turner – from the Old French verb “tourneour,” meaning “lathe worker.”
  180. Walker – an occupational last name for a “fuller (cleaner) of cloth.”
  181. Wallace – derived from the Old French word “Waleis,” meaning “Welshman.”
  182. Walsh – this Old English name means “Welsh.”
  183. Wang – the most common Chinese surname meaning “hope, wish, desire.”
  184. Ward – is derived from an Old English word meaning “guardian or watchman.”
  185. Waru – a perfect Aboriginal surname for hotheaded kids, meaning “fire.”
  186. Watson – a medieval abbreviation for Walter, meaning “son of Wat.”
  187. Watts – of Norman and Germanic origin, meaning “ruler of the army.”
  188. Webb – derived from the Old English word “webbe,” meaning “weaver of cloth.”
  189. Wells – an Anglo-Saxon word meaning “spring” and the Roman city of Bath and Wells.
  190. White – from the Anglo-Saxon word “hwit,” meaning “unblemished.”
  191. Wilkinson – derived from the German name Wilhelm, meaning “son of Wilkin.”
  192. Williams – of Norman and Germanic origin, meaning “resolute protector.”
  193. Wilson – this Old English surname translates as “son of Will.”
  194. Wong – a Chinese surname meaning “yellow, king, vast, and jade.”
  195. Wright – describing a “shaper of wood” in Old English, referring to a “worker.”
  196. Xu – a short and sweet Chinese name meaning “brilliant rising sun.”
  197. Yarran – an uncommon native Aboriginal name meaning “acacia tree.”
  198. Yindi – a traditional native Australian name meaning “ sun.”
  199. Young – an Old English surname with a generic meaning: “son of.”
  200. Zhang – this common Chinese occupational name means “archer.”

Australian Last Names FAQs

What are the Most Common Australian Last Names?

The most common Australian last names include Smith, Taylor, Jones, Jackson, Thompson, and Brown. Names like Wang, Waru, Nguyan, and Minjarra reflect strong links to China, Vietnam, and the indigenous Aboriginal people.

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About the Author

Mark Weir

Mark has always been fascinated by the stories behind names, their meanings, and the rich histories they carry. It's a curiosity that has grown into a full-fledged passion project, engaging him in the study of how names shape our identities and reflect our cultures. Since stepping away from his previous career, Mark has delved deeper into this fascinating realm. He spends his days unraveling these narratives and sharing his findings on Honey Name. He does all this amidst the tranquility of England's rivers and canals from his charming widebeam barge. His constant companions on this journey are his wife, Julie, and their adorable King Charles Cavalier, Eric.